Vegetarian Indian Mango Pickle of Punjab
It is a variety of pickle prepared using mango. The pickling process in India differs from other regions mainly due to an additional spice mixture added to them after anaerobic fermentation. Pickles are main side dishes and many varieties of vegetables are used. However, raw mango or tender mango is the most popular variety of fruit used for pickling. There are multiple varieties of mango pickles prepared depending on the region and the spices used but broadly there are two types: whole baby mango pickle and cut mango pickle. Whole baby mango pickle is a traditional variety very popular in Southern India and uses baby mangoes that are few weeks old.
There are special varieties of mangoes specifically used just for pickling and they are never consumed as ripe fruit. Baby mangoes are pickled using salt, vegetable oil and a blend of hot spices, in a very careful process which ensures pickles are preserved for years.This is ideally prepared using a special variety of mango that can stay crisp for longer periods when pickled. This variety of mango is specially bred and grafted for use. However, most of the raw mangoes can be used for pickling if quality is not a concern. One of the most popular kind of mango pickles is called the “Avakaya” and is known for its spice and flavor. It is usually eaten with plain white rice or on the side with other flavored rice items like a hot sauce. South Indians, especially from the state of Andhra Pradesh, eat this hot pickle “Avakaya” almost everyday. There are many hundreds of named mango cultivars. In mango orchards, several cultivars are often grown in order to improve pollination. Many desired cultivars are monoembryonic and must be propagated by grafting or they do not breed true. A common monoembryonic cultivar is ‘Alphonso’, an important export product, considered as “the king of mangoes”. Cultivars that excel in one climate may fail elsewhere. For example, Indian cultivars such as ‘Julie’, a prolific cultivar in Jamaica, require annual fungicide treatments to escape the lethal fungal disease anthracnose in Florida. Asian mangoes are resistant to anthracnose. The current world market is dominated by the cultivar ‘Tommy Atkins’, a seedling of ‘Haden’ that first fruited in 1940 in southern Florida and was initially rejected commercially by Florida researchers. Growers and importers worldwide have embraced the cultivar for its excellent productivity and disease resistance, shelf life, transportability, size, and appealing color. Although the Tommy Atkins cultivar is commercially successful, other cultivars may be preferred by consumers for eating pleasure, such as Alphonso. Generally, ripe mangoes have an orange-yellow or reddish peel and are juicy for eating, while exported fruit are often picked while underripe with green peels. Although producing ethylene while ripening, unripened exported mangoes do not have the same juiciness or flavor as fresh fruit.Mangoes are widely used in cuisine. Sour, unripe mangoes are used in chutneys, athanu, pickles, side dishes, or may be eaten raw with salt, chili, or soy sauce. A summer drink called aam panna comes from mangoes. Mango pulp made into jelly or cooked with red gram dhal and green chillies may be served with cooked rice. Mango lassi is popular throughout South Asia,prepared by mixing ripe mangoes or mango pulp with buttermilk and sugar. Ripe mangoes are also used to make curries. Aamras is a popular thick juice made of mangoes with sugar or milk, and is consumed with chapatis or pooris. The pulp from ripe mangoes is also used to make jam called mangada. Andhra aavakaaya is a pickle made from raw, unripe, pulpy, and sour mango, mixed with chili powder, fenugreek seeds, mustard powder, salt, and groundnut oil. The flavor of mango fruits is constituted by several volatile organic chemicals mainly belonging to terpene, furanone, lactone, and ester classes. Different varieties or cultivars of mangoes can have flavor made up of different volatile chemicals or same volatile chemicals in different quantities.In general, New World mango cultivars are characterized by the dominance of δ-3-carene, a monoterpene flavorant; whereas, high concentration of other monoterpenes such as (Z)-ocimene and myrcene, as well as the presence of lactones and furanones, is the unique feature of Old World cultivars. In India, ‘Alphonso’ is one of the most popular cultivars. In ‘Alphonso’ mango, the lactones and furanones are synthesized during ripening; whereas terpenes and the other flavorants are present in both the developing and ripening fruits.Ethylene, a ripening-related hormone well known to be involved in ripening of mango fruits, causes changes in the flavor composition of mango fruits upon exogenous application, as well. In contrast to the huge amount of information available on the chemical composition of mango flavor, the biosynthesis of these chemicals has not been studied in depth; only a handful of genes encoding the enzymes of flavor biosynthetic pathways have been characterized to date.
3 Kg Raw Mangoes
50 Gm Turmeric Powder
60 Gm Fenugreek Seeds
100 Gm Fennel Seeds dry roast lightly
100 Gm Red Chilli Powder
300 Gm Salt
4 Cup Mustard Oil
First we wash the fruit then wipe with a clean cloth & cut into pieces. Now we need a wok to heat the Mustard Oil. Remove from fire. Transfer to a large wok. Now wait till cool by itself. Add Red Chilli Powder, Turmeric Powder, Salt, Fennel Seeds, Fenugreek Seeds & Onion Seeds then add Mango Slices & mix everything very well together. We need a fresh clean jar to fill the pickle & keep it in the sun shaking it for 7-10 days. To preserve it longer time heat few more mustard oil & cool it. Pour mustard oil in the jar to cover the mango slices. Eat this pickle with any indian bread or rice dish.