Delhi Ancient Historical Tourism Destination
According to Hinduism Mahakali Temple of Nehru Place Delhi which is closer to Bhairav Temple is one of most important temple dedicated to goddess Kalika. Maa Kali is well known as MahaKali, Maa ShamshanKali & Kalika etc. She is the supreme goddess of Time & Death. Mahakali in Sanskrit is etymologically the feminized variant of Mahakala or Great Time, an epithet of the god Shiva in Hinduism. Mahakali is the form of Adi parashakti, who is beyond time and space. Kali is the force of anger of Adi parashakti and therefore her color is black. She is the greatest aspect of Kali whom many Hindus hold as a Divine Mother. Maa Shamshakali most common four armed iconographic image shows each hand carrying variously a sword, a trishul, a severed head and a bowl or skull-cup catching the blood of the severed head. Her eyes are described as red with intoxication and in absolute rage, Her hair is shown disheveled, small fangs sometimes protrude out of Her mouth and Her tongue is lolling. She has a garland consisting of the heads of demons she has slaughtered, variously enumerated at 108 or 50, which represents the letters of the Sanskrit alphabet, Devanagari, and wears a skirt made of demon arms. Her ten headed image is known as Dasa Mahavidya Mahakali, and in this form She is said to represent the ten Mahavidyas or “Great Wisdom”. She is depicted in this form as having ten heads, ten arms, and ten legs but otherwise usually conforms to the four armed icon in other respects. Each of her ten hands is carrying an implement which varies in different accounts, but each of these represent the power of one of the Devas or Hindu Gods and are often the identifying weapon or ritual item of a given Deva. The implication is that Mahakali subsumes and is responsible for the powers that these deities possess and this is in line with the interpretation that Mahakali is identical with Brahman. While not displaying ten heads, an “ekamukhi” or one headed image may be displayed with ten arms, signifying the same concept: the powers of the various Gods come only through Her grace.
Maa BhadraKali Temple is situated in the southern part of Delhi, India, in Kalkaji, a locality that has derived its name from the temple and is located opposite Nehru Place business centre. The temple dedicated to goddess mahakalika. The temple is accessible by public transport on Kalkaji Mandir and is near Nehru Place bus terminus and Okhla railway station. It is also called Jayanti Peetha or Manokamna Siddha Peetha. “Manokamna” literally means desire, “Siddha” means fulfilment, and “peetha” means shrine. So, it is believed to be the holy shrine where one gets the blessings of Maa Kalika Devi for the fulfilment of one’s desires. The temple complex is situated on the Delhi Metro between the Nehru Place bus terminus and business centre and Okhla railway station and industrial area, and is right beside the Bahá’í Lotus Temple. Close to the temple, on a hill in the east of Kailash neighbourhood and near the ISKCON temple, lies an Edict of Ashoka, dating from the 3rd century BC. Devotees attend the Kalkaji temple throughout the year, but the culmination point of their prayers and celebration is during the festival of Navratri twice a year. This is a nine-day Hindu festival, in spring and autumn, during which a large fair is organised. Devotees gather and sing hymns and songs praising the Goddess Durga.
Millions of years ago, the gods who dwelt in the neighbourhood of the present temple were troubled by two giants and were compelled to prefer their complaint to Lord Brahma, ‘the god of all’. But Lord Brahma declined to interfere, and referred them to the Goddess Parvati. Out of the mouth of Maa Parvati sprung Kaushki Devi, who attacked the two giants and slaughtered them, but it so happened, that as their blood fell on the dry earth thousands of giants came into life, and the battle was maintained by Kaushki Devi against great odds. Maa Parvati took compassion on her offspring and out of the eyebrows of Kaushki Devi came maa Kali Devi, ‘whose lower lip rested on the hills below and the upper lip touched the sky above. She drank the blood of the slaughtered giants as it poured out of their wounds; and the goddess obtained a complete victory over their enemies. Maa Kali Devi then fixed her abode here, and she was worshipped as the chief divinity of the place. According to government records, the temple of Kalkaji is said to have a very ancient origin, but the oldest portions of the present building is believed to have been constructed not earlier than the 1764 AD by the Maratha rulers. In 1816 A.D. Mirza Raja Kidar Nath, the Peshkar of Akbar II, is said to have made some additions to it. Over the last five to six decades, a considerable number of dharamshalas have been erected in the vicinity by the Hindu bankers and merchants of Delhi place. The said temple Kalkaji is built on the land of Shamlat Thok Brahmins and Thok Jogians who are the pujaries of temple Kalkaji and the pujaries perform Puja Sewa as per their monthly turn. The Thok Brahmins consist of Four Thullas, namely Thulla Tansukh, Thulla Rambaksh, Thulla Bahadur and Thulla Jasram. they are classified into Gharbari Jogi and Kanphada Jog. It is believed that the Goddess Kalkaji, pleased with the prayers offered and rituals performed by the Gods on the advice of Lord Brahma, appeared on this mount, known as Surya Koota Parvata, and blessed them. Ever since, the Goddess has taken this holy place as her abode and has been fulfilling the wishes of her devotees. During the Mahabharata, Lord Krishna and the Pandavas are said to have worshipped this Goddess during the reign of Yudhisthir. The temple complex, as it stands today, is constructed of brick masonry, finished with plaster and is surrounded by a pyramidal tower. The central chamber which is 12-sided in plan, 24 feet across, with a doorway in each side, is paved with marble and is surrounded by a verandah 8’9″ wide and containing 36 arched openings. This verandah encloses the central chamber from all sides. At the middle of this arcade, opposite the eastern doorway, there are two red sandstone tigers sitting on a marble pedestal on which the inscription engraved on the marble railings is repeated. The language of the inscriptions is Urdu and the characters on the railings as well as on the pedestals are nastaliq without any pretensions to antiquity. Between the tigers there is stone image of Kali Devi with her name engraved on in Hindi, and a trident of stone standing before it.
KalkaJi Metro Station:
It is an interchange station of the Delhi Metro between Violet Line and Magenta Line. The interchange is situated in two levels – underground and elevated. There is seamless connection between the two lines, which allows commuters to change lines without requiring to exit from the ticketed area. It is located between Nehru Place and Govind Puri stations of the Violet Line, and between Nehru Enclave and Okhla NSIC stations of the Magenta Line.
It provides access to tourist sites such as Kalkaji Mandir, Lotus Temple and ISKCON Temple which are situated very near to the station. The station was opened with the first section of the Line from Central Secretariat – Sarita Vihar on 3 October 2010, in time for the Commonwealth Games opening ceremony on the same day. The metro station also houses a departmental store. The interchange with Magenta Line was opened on 25th December 2017.